In Vivo Renal Lipid Quantification by Accelerated Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging at 3T: Feasibility and Reliability Study

Alhulail, Ahmad A.
Servati, Mahsa
Ooms, Nathan
Akin, Oguz
Dincer, Alp
Thomas, M. Albert
Dydak, Ulrike
Emir, Uzay E.
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A reliable and practical renal-lipid quantification and imaging method is needed. Here, the feasibility of an accelerated MRSI method to map renal fat fractions (FF) at 3T and its repeatability were investigated. A 2D density-weighted concentric-ring-trajectory MRSI was used for accelerating the acquisition of 48 x 48 voxels (each of 0.25 mL spatial resolution) without respiratory navigation implementations. The data were collected over 512 complex-FID timepoints with a 1250 Hz spectral bandwidth. The MRSI sequence was designed with a metabolite-cycling technique for lipid-water separation. The in vivo repeatability performance of the sequence was assessed by conducting a test-reposition-retest study within healthy subjects. The coefficient of variation (CV) in the estimated FF from the test-retest measurements showed a high degree of repeatability of MRSI-FF (CV = 4.3 +/- 2.5\%). Additionally, the matching level of the spectral signature within the same anatomical region was also investigated, and their intrasubject repeatability was also high, with a small standard deviation (8.1 +/- 6.4\%). The MRSI acquisition duration was similar to 3 min only. The proposed MRSI technique can be a reliable technique to quantify and map renal metabolites within a clinically acceptable scan time at 3T that supports the future application of this technique for the non-invasive characterization of heterogeneous renal diseases and tumors.
Anahtar kelimeler
kidney, renal, lipid, fast MRSI