Outcomes of home mechanical ventilation with tracheostomy after congenital heart surgery

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Tarih
2021-01-01
Yazarlar
Temur, Bahar
Emre, Ismet E.
Aydin, Selim
Onalan, Mehmet A.
Basgoze, Serdar
Ozcan, Esra
Dogruoz, Alper
Erek, Ersin
Süreli Yayın başlığı
Süreli Yayın ISSN
Cilt Başlığı
Yayınevi
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Dergi Adı
CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG
Özet
Objective: After congenital heart surgery, some patients may need long-term mechanical ventilation because of chronic respiratory failure. In this study, we analysed outcomes of the patients who need tracheostomy and home mechanical ventilation. Methods: Amongst 1343 patients who underwent congenital heart surgery between January, 2014 and June, 2018, 45 needed tracheostomy and HMV. The median age of these patients was 6.4 months (12 days-6.5 years). Nineteen patients underwent palliation while 26 patients underwent total repair. Post-operative diaphragm plication was performed in five patients (11\%). Median duration of mechanical ventilation before tracheostomy was 32 days (8-154 days). The patients were followed up with their home ventilators in ward and at home. Mean follow-up time was 36.24 +/- 11.61 months. Results: The median duration of ICU stay after tracheostomy was 27 days (range 2-93 days). Follow-up time in ward was median 30 days (2-156 days). A total of 12 patients (26.6\%) were separated from the ventilator and underwent decannulation during hospital stay. Thirty-two patients (71.1\%) were discharged home with home ventilator support. Of them, 15 patients (46.9\%) were separated from the respiratory support in median of 6 weeks (1 week-11 months) and decannulations were performed. Total mortality was 31.1\%. in which four patients are still HMV dependent. There was no significant difference for decannulation between total repair and palliation patients. Conclusion: HMV via tracheostomy is a useful option for the treatment of children who are dependent on long-term ventilation after congenital heart surgery although there are potential risks.
Açıklama
Anahtar kelimeler
Congenital heart defects, congenital heart disease, mechanical ventilation, tracheostomy, ventilation
Alıntı
Koleksiyonlar