The Relationship between the Sydney Classification and the First-Line Treatment Efficacy in Helicobacter-Associated Gastritis

Tasci, Elif Senocak
Akbas, Turkay
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Objective: Helicobacter pyloriis responsible for a wide spectrum of diseases. Due to ease of use and access, the standard triple therapy is being used as first-line eradication in many areas. Intestinal metaplasia (IM) is a precancerous lesion that requires eradication therapy. Our aim is to investigate the effect of IM on the standard triple therapy success in H. pylori-positive patients. Subjects and Methods: The patients who were referred to Duzce University Hospital and Avrasya Hospital Gastroenterohepatology clinic between January 2014 and December 2016 and diagnosed with H. pylori-positive gastritis and underwent first-line eradication were evaluated retrospectively. Biopsy specimens were evaluated according to the updated Sydney system. All patients diagnosed with H. pylori started treatment with pantoprazole 40 mg b.i.d., amoxicillin 1 g b.i.d. and clarithromycin 500 mg b.i.d. for 14 days. Results: The mean age of 181 patients included in the study was 55.5 +/- 7.8. The success rate of H. pylori eradication was found to be low in severe chronic inflammation (p = 0.001). The success rate was found to be high among patients with no neutrophil activity (p = 0.009). As the intensity of IM increased, density of H. pylori was found to be decreased (p = 0.019). There was no correlation between glandular atrophy, IM, and H. pylori eradication success rate (p = 0.390 and p = 0.812). Conclusion: The severity of chronic inflammation is the most effective Sydney criteria for success of eradication, while the presence on IM does not have any effect.
Anahtar kelimeler
Eradication, Gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, Intestinal metaplasia, Sydney classification
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